Disruptive technologies in the legal sector

On June 11, a session was held in Fide about disruptive technologies in the legal sector. The session started with a welcoming introduction given by Mr. Gonzalo Navarro Ruiz, who introduced and presented to Mr. Jameson Dempsey as a speaker and Mr. Javier Fernández-Lasquetty as moderator.
Mr. Jameson Dempsey started the speech talking about the main three areas on which Codex is currently focused: Computational Law, Legal Analytics, and Legal Informatics. He was explaining the main differences between them, providing the audience with some of the key characteristics to distinguish them. In this sense, legal analytics has to do with making predictions for specific cases while computational law would be concerned to the systems that compute the law, systems that can be embedded and compute legal and regulatory compliance. Regarding the computational law, he mentioned some technological companies leading in this field as Symbium, as computational law company that provides computational law services, and Legalese.
Another interesting topic raised was machine learning and the importance of data to allow it to work. That topic led Mr. Jameson to talk about one of the most worrying problems of the data that serves to do artificial intelligence legal research: the biases. Regarding this problem, he commented the efforts made by Codex within the projects carried out by it to avoid those biases by means of gathering people from all over the world in an effort to create a diverse environment.
Another important part of the conference was devoted to the latest projects launched by Codex, among them, corpus legis, computable contracts, legal specification protocol, Codex Tech Index, Blockchain group and journal, and legal data commons. Mr. Jameson highlighted that the most important thing related to them is the possibility of commercialization.
At the end of his intervention, Jameson gave the audience a picture of Legal Hackers, a global grassroots community, whose mission consists of fostering innovative problem-solving at the intersection of law and technology. He also pointed out the importance of the open culture for law cause open culture has already transformed technology, education, and access to knowledge.
Mr. Fernández-Lasquetty indicated that one of the concerns that computational law and legal analytics create among lawyers is the possibility of being replaced by machines. It is true that the systems allow greater efficiency but could eliminate jobs in the legal sector. Mr. Dempsey  and Mr. Fernández-Lasquetty commented that many routine tasks and without great added value can be assumed by this type of tools, but  the challenge for lawyers is to try to offer greater added value and these tools allow those who use them to focus more on interaction with the client, analysis of their needs and improvement of services.
Some attendees indicated that these tools can be an advantage for large firms since their cost is not bearable by small and medium firms. Mr. Dempsey indicated that CODEX is a collaborative platform in which all these tools are made available to a wide group of firms and lawyers. Mr. Fernandez-Lasquetty indicated that effectively these solutions can democratize access to advanced tools, as has happened in the past, because the search for jurisprudence is currently something available to everyone and at a reasonable price, so it is to expect an expansion of these technologies. The need for the solutions currently available to be located in different markets was also commented on, as some of them have been developed for Common Law countries and civil law countries may have different needs or requirements. Mr. Dempsey said that Codex is a collaborative platform that allows these adaptations to local markets, taking advantage of the general and basic elements of each solution.
Finally, some of the projects were discussed. Mr. Fernandez-Lasquetty indicated that the project The cop in the backseat is particularly interesting because it is true that the traffic rules are many, they can vary from one state to another. The question is, should the systems stay in the pure information or should it include enforcement?
In Europe, we are working on a rule that will require all cars to have a system of recognition of traffic signals (especially speed limit) that also prevent the car to exceed that speed. There was a debate about how far those systems have to go and whether prevention of infringements would be controlled by AI entities instead of humans.


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